Occupational therapy in the management of substance use disorder

Occupational therapy in the management of substance use disorder

Between 2011 and 2021, one in seventeen people in the world consumed some kind of substance, increasing the figure from 240 to 296 million. In Puerto Rico, the number has also been increasing. The most vulnerable population group with the use of addictive substances is young people.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), substance use disorder (TCS) is a disease caused by the repeated abuse of substances such as alcohol, caffeine, cannabis, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, sedatives, hypnotics, anxiolytics, stimulants (amphetamines, cocaine and other stimulants) and tobacco. All of these substances taken in excess have a common effect of directly activating the brain’s reward system and producing such intense activation that daily life activities can be affected. Substances modify behavior and make using them a habit.

SUD is diagnosed based on cognitive, behavioral, and psychological symptoms. It can range from mild to severe and from temporary to chronic. Sometimes it is difficult to identify the disorder because people can maintain a functional level of occupational performance, but you can see:

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